Insulin therapy for diabetes
People with type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin because the cells in their pancreas are damaged or destroyed.As a result, these people need insulin injections to allow their bodies to process glucose and avoid the complications of hyperglycemia.
People with type 2 diabetes respond poorly or are resistant to insulin.They may need insulin injections to help them better process sugar and prevent long-term complications of the disease.People with type 2 diabetes can first be treated with oral medication, along with diet and exercise.Because type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease, the longer people stay ill, the more likely they are to need insulin to maintain blood sugar levels.
Various types of insulin are used to treat diabetes, including:
Instant insulin: start working about 15 minutes after injection, peak about 1 hour, but continue working for 2 to 4 hours.This is usually taken before meals, in addition to long-acting insulin.
Instant insulin: start working about 30 minutes after injection, peak about 2 to 3 hours, but will continue working for 3 to 6 hours.It is usually taken before meals, in addition to long-acting insulin.
Intermediate insulin: start working about 2 to 4 hours after injection, peak about 4 to 12 hours later, and continue working for 12 to 18 hours.It is usually taken twice a day, in addition to instant or instant insulin.
Long-acting insulin: it starts working a few hours after injection, about 24 hours.It is usually used in combination with instant or instant insulin if necessary.
Insulin can be administered by a continuous flow of insulin through a syringe, pen, or pump.
Your doctor will work with you to determine which insulin is best for you based on whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, your blood sugar level and your lifestyle.