Diabetics are still unable to control their blood sugar well by diet and exercise therapy, and insulin injections are needed to reduce sugar. But patients are also concerned that regular insulin resistance can cause side effects that are not good for the patient. So, what are the long-term effects of insulin injections?
Pain: the pain caused by insulin injections is mild.
Skin infection: severe infection is rare, but the "red dot" is more common in the injection site, which is related to the impurity of the skin and the sterility of the injection.
Blood clotting: the capillaries are caused by the injury to the subcutaneous capillary, and do not be injected before the bleeding is absorbed. Generally after a week can absorb, do not have special treatment.
4, fat pad: as the long-term insulin injections in the same place, can stimulate subcutaneous fat proliferous hypertrophy, and formation of fat pad or nodules, such as insulin injections at fat pad will influence the absorption.
Weight gain: an injection of insulin often leads to abdominal obesity, which is seen by older people with diabetes. Ⅱ diabetes patients with insulin plus metformin amaryl; of choose and employ persons can reduce obesity.
6, insulin resistance, common in obesity, insulin dosage larger Ⅱ with type 1 diabetes, in the case of no ketoacidosis, daily insulin doses greater than 200 units, sustained for more than 48 hours can be diagnosed with insulin resistance.
Insulin spillover: when insulin is injected, a small amount of insulin is released and the insulin dose is not allowed. This is more common when you inject it with a pen.
More than 8, refractive errors: in the initial insulin therapy, due to the rapid drop in blood sugar, cause eye lens, vitreous osmotic pressure change, the moisture within the lens causes refractive rate drop, blurred vision, generally 2-4 weeks to heal itself.
Insulin resistance: the long-term use of animal insulin causes insulin resistance in the body, affecting insulin absorption and sugar reduction. If insulin is released, the insulin test can be lowered and the results are not allowed. Switching to human insulin and insulin can reduce the formation of antibodies.
Insulin edema: before diabetes is uncontrolled, high blood sugar can lead to loss of water, sodium and extracellular fluid. After insulin therapy, to effectively control blood sugar within 4 to 6 days, the body can appear water sodium retention, face and limb edema, general can absorb in a few days. When the initial dose of insulin is large, there may be a different area of edema, but as insulin continues to be used, it often disappears.
Diabetes is a common disease that poses a serious threat to people's physical health. Diabetes is a very serious disease, and it can be very damaging to the patient, so be prepared to prevent it and prevent it.